What Is TMD?
Temporomandibular Disorder is commonly known as TMD. This term is used to describe problems related to the function of the joint that joins the upper and lower jawbones-the temporomandibular joint, or TMJ. These joints get a lot of use throughout the day as you speak, chew, swallow, and yawn. Pain in and around these joints can be unpleasant and may even restrict movement.
What Causes TMD?
The causes of TMD include:
- Grinding or clenching the teeth
- Dislocation of the soft cushion or disc between the ball and socket
- Presence of osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis in the TMJ
- Injury to the TMJ or muscles of the head and neck, such as from a heavy blow or whiplash
How Is TMD Diagnosed?
Because many other conditions can cause similar symptoms, we will conduct a patient history and clinical examination to determine the cause of symptoms.
The TMJ will be examined for pain or tenderness; the dentist will listen for clicking, popping, or grating sounds during jaw movement, look for limited motion or locking of the jaw while opening or closing the mouth, and examine bite and facial muscle function.
Contact us today is you suspect you are suffering from TMJ Disorder.
*services provided by general dentists