Are you seeing pink in the sink after you brush? Have you noticed blood on your floss when you’re cleaning your teeth? There are different levels of severity when it comes to bleeding gums, but if you answered yes to the questions above, it’s time to call your dentist in South Edmonton to get checked out.
Why are my gums bleeding?
The most common cause of bleeding gums is gingivitis, which is caused by a buildup of plaque and tartar on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of bacteria that adheres itself to the surface of the teeth, and when it’s not removed by brushing and flossing, it can harden and become tarter. Tarter can then cause inflammation of the gums, causing gingivitis or gum disease.
Plaque and tartar can weaken the enamel of the tooth (making you more likely to develop cavities), and deteriorate the bone and soft tissue that supports the teeth, which can cause the gums to separate from the teeth and create pockets for more bacteria to accumulate.
Gingivitis can be treated, and even reversed, if caught in its early stages. But, if left untreated, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis (or advanced gum disease). Periodontitis is irreversible, and can eventually cause you to lose your teeth.
Other causes of bleeding gums
There are many things that can cause bleeding gums in addition to just gingivitis. These include:
- Aggressive brushing – your gums are delicate and sensitive, so make sure you brush gently with a brush that has soft bristles to avoid damaging the gum tissue.
- Changes in hormones – as we age, our hormones change, which can create an increased sensitivity in the gums and cause bleeding to occur.
- Vitamin deficiencies – people who are low in vitamin C may have weaker gums that are more vulnerable to cuts and abrasions that cause bleeding.
If your gums are bleeding or they appear red, puffy, or you’ve noticed a separation between your gums and teeth, it’s time to call the team at Petrolia Dental to schedule an appointment. We’ll assess your current condition, determine the cause of your problem, and work with you to determine the best treatment option moving forward.
Petrolia Dental is a general dental practice located in South Edmonton. Our office is growing and accepting new patients.